Stanley Kubrick (July 26, 1928 – March 7, 1999) was an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and photographer. Kubrick is frequently cited as one of the greatest filmmakers in cinematic history. His films often portray the futility of war and humans' ability to overcome adversity; intellectual curiosity and a sense of humor are also common themes. These themes are accentuated through his use of contrasts—between violent and peaceful moments and between humans and machines or technology—and visually with abstract forms that can be interpreted as metaphors for emotional or spiritual states.
Kubrick never excelled as a student. In elementary school, he attended class about half the time. In high school, he was a social outcast and an underachiever, ranking at the bottom of his class, despite his intelligence. "I never learned anything at school, and I never read a book for pleasure until I was 19," he once said. Kubrick's early ambitions were to become a writer or play baseball. "I started out thinking if I couldn't play for the Yankees, I'd be a novelist," he later remembered. Seeking creative endeavors rather than focusing on his academic status, Kubrick played the drums in his high school's jazz band; its vocalist later became known as Eydie Gorme.
He went on to direct a number of acclaimed films, including Spartacus (1960), Lolita (1962), Dr. Strangelove (1964), A Clockwork Orange (1971), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), The Shining (1980), Full Metal Jacket (1987) and Eyes Wide Shut (1999). Kubrick died in England on March 7, 1999.
In the early 1960s, after moving to England, Kubrick gradually gained a reputation as a recluse. He gradually reduced the time he spent anywhere other than on a studio set or in his home office, refusing most interview requests and was rarely photographed, never formally. He kept to a schedule of working at night and sleeping during the day, which allowed him to keep North American time. During this time, he had his sister, Mary, tape Yankees and NFL games, particularly those of the New York Giants, which were airmailed to him.
While working on what would be his final film, 1999's Eyes Wide Shut, director Stanley Kubrick suffered a heart attack and passed away in his sleep at his home in Hertfordshire, England. The film went on to earn Golden Globe and Satellite Award nominations.
Not before leaving this earth, he left us with countless classics to be cherished now and forever. Thank you for reading about the great Stanley Kubrick.